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Rock Castles - Castle of La Yedra and La Iruela, in Jaén - Spain
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Yedra Castle
The castle of La Yedra, also known as the Castle of the Four Corners, to  differentiate it from the neighbouring Castle of the Five Corners,  offered security and protection to Cazorla in Jaén, Spain, a town that  still preserves architectural typologies and urban structures of clear  Castilian descent.
In the Middle Ages, its strategic location, not so close to the border  of the Nasrid kingdom and defended from surprise attack by the belly of  the mountains, the Guadalquivir riverbed and the Pozo Alcón massif, made  it the seat of the Adelantamiento de Cazorla.
Ferdinand III glimpsed the importance that this enclave and its  territory could have in stopping a possible advance towards Seville by  Arab troops from Almería or Granada, so he commissioned its conquest.
The first fortification was Arab and dates back to the 11th and 12th  centuries, but the image that has come down to us of the castle of La  Yedra corresponds more to the Castilian construction of the 13th and  especially the 14th centuries.
The castle preserves elements of both civilisations that successively  occupied it and shaped its profile and defences. Three successive  enclosures can be distinguished in the castle: the fortress, the  enclosure and the gatehouse.
The alcazar, ordered to be built by the archbishops of Toledo at the end  of the 14th century, coincides with the current entrance to the castle,  and consists of a keep and a small parade ground surrounding it. This  small enclosure is enclosed by the shape that supports it. It is  accessed by a winding, bent passageway, almost a cistern, which would  also serve to facilitate the watering of the neighbouring fountain.
The keep is built with regular masonry and has a square floor plan with a  height of thirty metres. The tower consists of three superimposed  rooms, the ground floor paved on a vault, under which there is a cistern  covered by a half-barrel vault; the first floor covered by a masonry  roof on a wooden frame and illuminated by loopholes; and the second  floor which has three large windows and is covered by a vault.
The oldest part is the wall that the Almohads built with mud and  cobblestones. The Christians built ashlar towers and two courtyards on  top of it in order to prevent the advance of the enemy through the most  unprotected part of the wall.
Lastly, the outer enclosure, which is partially destroyed, is a  Castilian work from the second half of the 13th century, in which rammed  earth alternates with masonry and stonework.

Castle of the Five Corners
The Castle of the Five Corners is located on the hill that dominates  Cazorla, the hill of Salvatierra, 1160 metres high, founded on the  limestone bedrock of the same.
It was built in the last third of the 14th century, on the remains of an  old Arab fortification, contemporary with the keep of the castle of La  Yedra, to reinforce the defence of the capital of the Adelantamiento and  prevent possible offensive actions by the Nasrids of Granada.
It is made of masonry with regular courses and ashlar. The best  preserved element of the castle is the keep, with a pentagonal base,  three of its sides have very approximate dimensions, while the other two  are shorter and are a projection designed to house the box of a spiral  staircase that leads to the different floors of the tower.

La Iruela Castle
La Iruela Castle, a small but spectacular castle, is situated on top of a  steep cliff in the heart of the Sierra de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas  Natural Park, from where there are breathtaking views of both the town  and its surroundings.
El Eruela, as it is mentioned in certain medieval texts, like Cazorla,  was originally a modest Arab farmhouse which, from the 11th century  onwards, had a protective wall and a small fortification on a promontory  for the safety of the peasants.
Later, that small refuge would end up becoming a rocky castle, small in  size but very difficult to take, with a very extensive panoramic view  over the surrounding territory.
Around 1231, La Iruela was conquered and became part of the  Adelantamiento de Cazorla, and a Christian fortress was built on top of  the existing Muslim fortress.
Within the enclosure is the Church of Santo Domingo, which was built in  the 16th century in honour of the patron saint of La Iruela, Santo  Domingo de Silos.
Due to its architecture and scenic beauty it was declared a Historic-Artistic Site in 1985.



11-8 06:37
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Montfrooij
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Lovely video!
11-8 07:34
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Depp
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Very cool places.
11-8 08:33
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Blériot53
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Astounding. And easy to see why it was declared an Historic Artistic Site.
11-8 10:37
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DAFlys
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Lovely footage.   
11-9 00:09
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DowntownRDB
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Amazing views.    Need to add these to my must see in person locations.  Thanks for the background on these castles.  
11-9 02:51
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Glad to know you liked it!!
11-10 12:11
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Depp Posted at 11-8 08:33
Very cool places.

Yes, it's an awesome place. The views of the cities and castles are great. Thanks!
11-10 12:12
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Blériot53 Posted at 11-8 10:37
Astounding. And easy to see why it was declared an Historic Artistic Site.

We have thousands in Spain, so that's not saying much either.
I wanted to give you a link to a complete inventory, and sadly, I can only find partial ones, by dates or under the law they were declared.
Thanks for comment!
11-10 12:18
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Thanks for watch and comment!
11-10 12:18
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DowntownRDB Posted at 11-9 02:51
Amazing views.    Need to add these to my must see in person locations.  Thanks for the background on these castles.

You're welcome, and if you get the chance to visit it, do it, it totally worth it!
11-10 12:20
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Discover Spain Posted at 11-10 12:18
We have thousands in Spain, so that's not saying much either.
I wanted to give you a link to a complete inventory, and sadly, I can only find partial ones, by dates or under the law they were declared.
Thanks for comment!

I expect you'll be posting more examples soon
11-10 12:21
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Montfrooij
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Discover Spain Posted at 11-10 12:11
Glad to know you liked it!!

You're welcome!
11-10 13:08
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Discover Spain Posted at 11-10 12:20
You're welcome, and if you get the chance to visit it, do it, it totally worth it!

Definitely have plans to get back to Spain again and hopefully it will be during the spring/summer of 2023.  
11-11 05:04
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Discover Spain Posted at 11-10 12:18
Thanks for watch and comment!

You're very welcome.
11-12 01:41
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Blériot53 Posted at 11-10 12:21
I expect you'll be posting more examples soon

What's the point?, nobody watches the videos
11-13 03:39
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DowntownRDB Posted at 11-11 05:04
Definitely have plans to get back to Spain again and hopefully it will be during the spring/summer of 2023.

If you finally do, I hope you enjoy it.
11-13 03:40
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Discover Spain Posted at 11-13 03:40
If you finally do, I hope you enjoy it.

No doubt about enjoying it.    I really enjoy every trip back to Spain.  
11-13 04:17
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Discover Spain Posted at 11-13 03:39
What's the point?, nobody watches the videos

I think you're mistaken about that
11-13 04:26
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ro_walker
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Lovely video!
11-17 19:32
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Glad to know you like it!
11-19 03:42
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Un buen trabajo audiovisual
11-22 17:03
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Carranzg Posted at 11-22 17:03
Un buen trabajo audiovisual

¡Muchas gracias!
11-24 13:36
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